Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) was a Spanish sculptor, painter, graphic artist and ceramist. Along with Georges Braque, he founded the Cubism. Picasso`s main topics were bullfighting illustrations and portraits.
Picasso demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years, painting in a realistic manner through his childhood and adolescence. During the first decade of the 20th century, his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas.
His revolutionary artistic accomplishments brought him universal renown and immense fortune, making him one of the best-known figures in 20th-century art.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Málaga. When he was ten years old, he was admitted at the school of fine arts in Galicia. When the artist was 15 years old, his father installed him his own studio near the parent’s flat.
In 1897 Picasso studied for a short time at the “Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando” in Madrid, but he dropped out of the academy because he refused their teaching methods. In 1900 Picasso had his first single exhibition in the “Els Quatre Gats“, but hadn’t much success because his works were tear apart in reviews.
Because of the world’s exhibition in Paris in 1900 he travelled with his friend Carlos Casagemas to the city at the Seine, where he was deeply impressed by the works of the painters Paul Cezanne and Edgar Degas.
After he returned home, Pablo Picasso heard about the suicide of his friend Casagemas and dedicated him the painting “Evocation - The Burial of Casagemas”.
This also was the first painting of his famous Blue Period (1901-1904), in which he developed his own style. Picasso’s work is often categorized into periods. During this period he devoted himself the subject of sculpture and made the figure “Sitting Woman”.
In 1904 Picasso finally moved to Paris, where he met Fernande Oliver, who became his model and his mistress. The Rose Period (1905-1907) followed his Blue Period and was characterized by light colours.
In this time he made the works “The Actor”, first etchings and a portrait of the poet and art collector Gertrude Stein. A first contact with African masks led to another change of his style and the founding of the Cubism. The pieces of art “Ma Jolie” and “Woman playing the Guitar” were made.
From 1911 to 1914 he made collages of wood, sand and metal plates. Since 1915 he gradually turned away from the Cubism and made realistic paintings. In 1917 he met the dancer Olga Koklowa and married her one year later.
He died on April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France. During his lifetime, two museums were dedicated to him. Another museum, the Musée Picasso in Paris, followed shortly after his death.
Several paintings by Picasso rank among the most expensive paintings in the world.